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World Congress on Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials

Geneva, Switzerland

Ramaprabhu Sundara

Ramaprabhu Sundara

Indian Institute Of Technology Madras, India

Title: Frustule as the supporting catalyst for the large-scale growth of Multiwalled carbon nanotubes and its application in Lithium ion battery

Biography

Biography: Ramaprabhu Sundara

Abstract

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) have interesting electrochemical properties that can be used for the energy storage application. High quality MWNT are prepared by catalytic chemical vapor deposition method using carbon precursors. However, the practical application of MWNT is limited by the current techniques to provide large scale production. The selective choice of the catalyst can enhance the yield of MWNT. Herein, diatom supported metal-alloy based catalyst is used for the growth of MWNT. The cost of production of MWNT is further cut down by the use of liquefied petroleum gas as the precursor.  The synthesised MWNT are uniform in diameter and the method of production does not require any process of purification.  MWNT along with the catalyst frustule is used as the high capacity anode for the lithium-ion battery. The interaction of lithium ions with both MWNT and diatom increases the specific capacity to 1090 mAh g-1 at 0.05 A g-1 with cyclic durability of 2000 cycles. This work demonstrates a scalable method of production of MWNT from a cost-effective catalyst with the benefit of utilizing it as a high capacity anode material for lithium-ion battery.